Special Notices
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Intercropping in Coconut Lands

Cocoa can be cultivated successfully in coconuts in wet and intermediate areas. Experiments have shown an increase of coconut yield in cocoa intercropped lands. Soil properties of these are enhanced by adding a large quantity of leaf titter. Age of the coconut plantation should be 15- 45 years.

Recommended cocoa varieties
Local variety – Millawana
NA-32
Forestero group varieties
System of planting
Double row system

Two rows of Cocoa are planted in 8’x 10’ apart between two rows of coconut.
Single row system

One row of Cocoa is planted in the centre of two rows of coconut at a distance of 8 feet within the row.

Coffee could also be cultivated as a profitable intercrop in coconut lands in wet and intermediate areas. Coconut plantations between the age of 15 – 45 years provides required shade condition for coffee.

Recommended Coffee varieties

“Katimor” variety

The Robusta varieties (GCR, CC-1, C-111)
System of planting

Double row system


Two rows of Coffee 6’ x 6 apart are planted between two rows of coconut.

Single row system


One row of Cocoa is planted in the centre of two rows of coconut at a distance of 8 feet within the row.
Fertilizer application

Urea (40%N) -4 parts by weight

Saphos Phosphate (28% P2O5) -5 parts by weight

Muriate of Potash (60% K2O) -3 parts by weight

Keiserite (24% MgO) -1 parts by weight

Pepper could be cultivated easily in coconut lands. Pepper vines are trained on to growing Gliricidia sticks which are planted at distance of 6’x 6’ in between two rows of coconut.

Recommended Coffee varieties

Panniyur-1

Kuching
Planting systems

Double row system


Two rows of pepper established 6 feet apart are planted between two rows of coconut.
Fertilizer application


Urea (46%N) -4 parts by weight


Saphos Phosphate (28% P2O5) -5 parts by weight


Muriate of Potash (60% K2O) -3 parts by weight


Keiserite (24% MgO) -1 parts by weight

Banana is a very common intercrop cultivated in wet and intermediate zones. Banana could also be cultivated in dry areas with irrigation.

Recommended Banana varieties

Ambul for wet zone

Anamalu

Kolikuttu for dry and intermediate zones

Ash Plantain

Mondam cooking purposes (for wet zone)

Atemaru
Planting systems
In mature coconut lands
Two rows of Kolikuttu in one avenue of coconut.
One row of Ambull in one avenue of coconut.
New/replanting of coconut (up to 5 years)
Fertilizer application
Should be applied after two months from planting and after wards at four monthly intervals.
g/plant (wet zone)
g/plant (Intermediate zone/Dry zone)
Urea 110 120
Rock Phosphate 150 -
Concentrated Super Phosphate - 80
Muriate of Potash 190 250
Total 450 450

Cultivation of pineapple in coconut land in popular in Colombo, Gampaha, Kurunegala, and in some areas Puttalam Districts. Well drained gravel or sandy loam soil are suitable for pineapple cultivation.

Recommended varieties

Murisi

Kew
Planting systems

Single row system


Suitable for Murisi variety
Number of suckers required- 8400 per ha
Double row system required- 3500 per ac
Number of suckers required – 12000 per ha (5000 per ac)
Multiple row system
Number of suckers required -24000 per ha (10,000 per ac)
Fertilizer application


N, P, K: 11-7-31 mixture is recommended for pineapple.


To prepare 100 Kg of the mixture;


Urea (40%N) -24.0 Kg



Rock Phosphate -25.0 Kg
Muriate of Potash -51.0 Kg
Keiserite (24% MgO) 1 parts by weight

1st application: One month after planting, apply 28.0 g for each pineapple plant (1.0Kg for 30-35 plants)

2nd and afterwards: Every 3-4 months, apply the above dose

Last Updated on Friday, 29 January 2016 04:57  

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